Phytoremediation of Chromium-Contaminated Soil by an Ornamental Plant, Vinca (Vinca rosea L.)

Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS). Ehsan et al., 2016. Volume 7: 29-34

Open Access – Research Article

Phytoremediation of Chromium-Contaminated Soil by an Ornamental Plant, Vinca(Vinca rosea L.)
Nusrat Ehsan 1’*, Rab Nawaz 1, Sajjad Ahmad 2, Muhammad Musaa Khan 3,
Junaid Hayat 1, Maimuna Qureshi 1
1 Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (IMBB), The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan

2 Department of Environmental Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Vehari, Pakistan 
3 Department of Environmental Sciences, International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan

Abstract: Remediation of chromium (Cr) from contaminated soil is an environmental efficient, cost effective modern applicable technique. Phytoremediation potential of an ornamental plant Catharanthus roseus (Vinca rosea) was assessed through pot experimentation for chromium contaminated soil. Plants were grown in pots having soils with different levels of chromium contamination i.e. T1 (10 ppm), T2 (20 ppm), T3 (30 ppm), T4 (40 ppm), T5 (50 ppm), and T6 (60 ppm). Plants were also grown in pots with uncontaminated soil as control treatment (T0). After pot experimentation of six weeks, plants were harvestedand plant samples were prepared for the measurement of physical parameters (plant height, fresh and dry weight) and analysis of chemicalproperties. Soil was collected from the pots to prepare representative soil samples for chemical analysis. Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS) was used to measure concentration of Chromium in both plant and soil samples. The results indicated that plantheight, fresh and dry weight increased at low concentration, but decreased with high contaminationlevels of chromium. Translocation factors were found to be lower than 1 for low level of contamination but found to be higher than 1 for higher level of contamination. Concentration of Chromium in plant increased gradually from T1 to T3 and became almost same for higher contamination levels (T4-T6).

Keywords: Phytoremediation, Bioaccumulation factor, Translocation factor, Soil contamination

*Corresponding author: Nusrat Ehsan:

Cite this article as Ehsan, N., R. Nawaz, S. Ahmad, M.M. Khan, J. Hayat and M. Qureshi. 2016. Phytoremediation of chromium contaminated soil by an ornamental plant vinca (Vinca rosea L.). Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 7: 29-34.  [Abstract] [View FullText] [Citations].

Title: Phytoremediation of Chromium-Contaminated Soil by an Ornamental Plant, Vinca (Vinca rosea L.)

Authors: Nusrat Ehsan, Rab Nawaz, Sajjad Ahmad, Muhammad Musaa Khan and Junaid Hayat

Pages: 29-34

Copyright © Ehsan et al., 2016. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original author and source are appropriately cited and credited.


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