Effect of Soil Physicochemical Properties on Gum Production in Astragalus gossypinus in Tiran Rangelands, Iran

Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS). Yazdanshenas et al., 2016. Volume 8: 7-13

Open Access – Research Article

Effect of Soil Physicochemical Properties on Gum Production in Astragalus gossypinus in Tiran Rangelands, Iran
Habib Yazdanshenas 1, Mohammad Jafari 1’*, Hossein Azarnivand 1, Hossein Arzani 1
1 Department of Arid & Mountainous Region Reclamation, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran


Abstract: Astragalus legume species have many important applications including production of natural tragacanth gum which is controlled by several climate factors, soil conditions and characteristics. Therefore, identification of major factors for maximizing this invaluable end-product is important for economy goals and plant health. In the present study, the relationship between soil physicochemical properties and gum production in Astragalus gossypinus Fisher was investigated. Seven-year-old plants were selected and then the gum and soil samples were taken along transects in a small area having the same specified climate. The soil physicochemical properties such as organic matter (OM) and saturation percentage (SP) showed the highest positive effect on gum production (P<0.01), while the amounts of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) and calcium sulfate (CaSO4) had the negative effect on gum production (P<0.01).The results showed that habitat soil factors should also be considered to determine the potential of plants for the production of tragacanth gum and its harvesting.

Keywords: Astragalus sp., Pearson correlation, Topsoil, Subsoil, Taragacanth gum.  

*Corresponding author: Mohammad Jafari


Cite this article as Yazdanshenas, H., M. Jafari, H. Azarnivand and H. Arzani. 2016. Effect of soil physicochemical properties on gum production in Astragalus gossypinus in Tiran rangelands, Iran. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 8: 07-13.  [Abstract] [View FullText] [Citations].

Title: Effect of Soil Physicochemical Properties on Gum Production in Astragalus gossypinus in Tiran Rangelands, Iran

Authors: Habib Yazdanshenas, Mohammad Jafari, Hossein Azarnivand and Hossein Arzani

Pages: 07-13


Copyright © Yazdanshenas et al., 2016. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original author and source are appropriately cited and credited.


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