Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS). Ali et al., 2020. Volume 22(4): 25-36
Open Access – Research Article
Divergent Effect of Rainfall, Temperature and Surface Water Bodies on Groundwater Quality in Haveli Canal Circle of Multan Irrigation Zone, Southern Punjab, Pakistan
Asif Ali 1,*, Hafiz Umar Farid 1, Muhammad Mehboob Hassan Khan 2
1 Department of Agricultural Engineering, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan, Pakistan
Abstract: Agricultural lands of Southern Punjab, Pakistan are characterized by fertile lands and historically rich for crop production. Water resource including both underground and surface is affecting the quality of water for irrigation. In this study, meteorological parameters (precipitation and temperature) and canal discharge were studied from 2014 to 2017. Results indicated that meteorological parameters and canal discharge had a strong influence on groundwater quality, however, different trends were observed. EC, SAR & RSC were affected by temperature, rainfall and canal discharge, due to salt accumulation. More than half area (51%) of the Shorkot was affected due to the presence of waterlogged and salt affected soil with brackish groundwater. Perennials canals also exist in this area. But 34% of the study area was affected by meteorological parameters (more temperature, rainfall) and surface waterbodies (due to mixing of detergents and solid waste coming from nearby colonies and towns).
Keywords: Groundwater, Meteorological parameters, Correlation, Pre & Post-monsoon.
*Corresponding author: Asif Ali: firstname.lastname@example.org
Cite this article as:
Ali, A., H.U. Farid and M.M.H. Khan. 2020. Divergent effect of rainfall, temperature and surface water bodies on groundwater quality in Haveli Canal Circle of Multan Irrigation Zone, Southern Punjab, Pakistan. Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences. 22(4): 25-36. [Abstract] [View Full-Text] [Citations]
Copyright © Ali et al., 2020. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original author and source are appropriately cited and credited.
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