AMMI Analysis of Yield Stability, Adaptability in Barley – Abstract

Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS). Akbarzai et al., 2022. Volume 24(1&2): 18-25

Open Access – Research Article

AMMI Analysis of Yield Stability and Adaptability in Barley: A Case Study of Afghanistan

Darya Khan Akbarzai 1,*, Gull Rahman Akbari 2, Lina Mohammadi 1, Mohammad Navin Safi 1,
Abdulhaq Farhang
1International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Kabul, Afghanistan
2Agriculture Research Institute of Afghanistan (ARIA), Kabul, Afghanistan

Abstract: Barley, an important cereal crop in Afghanistan, has low productivity. To identify high yielding and stable genotypes, an evaluation of nine barley inbred lines and a national check was conducted for yield and its stability at 6 diverse environments in Afghanistan. Experiments were designed to determine genotype (G) × environment (E) interaction (GEI) effect on grain yield using AMMI model and to identify the high yielding and stable barley genotypes. The main effect of G and GEI were highly significant (P<0.01) on grain yield. The E, G, and GEI accounted for 75.0%, 7.5% and 8.2% of variation in grain yield. Based on the AMMI stability parameters, line G9 was the most stable lines across environments with above average grain yield and will be recommended as a candidate for the consideration of the Varietal Release Committee in Afghanistan.

Keywords: Barley, GE interaction, AMMI model, Grain yield, Stability

*Corresponding author: Darya Khan Akbarzai, email: 

Cite this article as Akbarzai, D.K., G.R. Akbari, L. Mohammadi, M.N. Saif and A. Farhang. 2022. AMMI analysis of yield stability and adaptability in barley: A case study of Afghanistan. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 24(1&2): 18-25. [Abstract] [View Full-Text] [Citations]

Copyright © Akbarzai et al., 2022. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original author and source are appropriately cited and credited.

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