Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS). Hassan et al., 2023. 25(1&2):27-36.
Open Access – Research Article
Optimization of Phosphorus and Potassium Fertilization Rates for Improving Mungbean Production Under Arid Agroclimatic Conditions of Thal, Punjab, Pakistan
Ishtiaq Hassan 1, Ghulam Abbas 2, Jamshad Hussain *,2, Zafar Abbas 2, Tahir Mehmood 2,
Marghub Amer 2, Muhammad Ashraf Bhatti 3, Sajjad Hussain 4
1 Additional Director General, Agriculture (Farms and Training), Department of Agriculture, Punjab Lahore
2 Adaptive Research Farm Karor Laal Eissen, Punjab, Pakistan
3 Soil and Water Testing Laboratory, Layyah, Punjab, Pakistan
4 School of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
Abstract: Macronutrients including potassium (K), and phosphorus (P) are vital for the growth and development of plants. Compromised availability of these nutrients not only reduces the quantity and quality of crop yield but also threatens agricultural sustainability and food security. Improved utilization efficiency of plant nutrients offers a potential way to reduce the negative impact of nutrient (K and P) deficiencies. Mungbean is a major pulse crop of the Thal region, Punjab, Pakistan. However, its regional average grain yield is lower than its yield potential. This yield gap can be attributed to due to several crop management issues, mainly inadequate and imbalanced crop nutrition. A two-year (2017 and 2018) field experiment was planned to optimize the combination and level of K and P fertilizers for mungbean crop in the Thal region, Punjab, Pakistan. An experiment was conducted at Adaptive Research Farm, Karor Laal Eissen during kharif seasons (2017 and 2018), arranged in triplicate using randomized complete block design (RCBD). Mungbean plants were exposed to five combinations of phosphorus and potassium fertilizers including P0K0 (Control, without P and K); P30K0 (30 kg P2O5, 0 kg ha-1 K2O); P45K50 (45 kg P2O5, 50 kg ha-1 K2O); P57K62 (57 kg P2O5, 62 kg ha-1 K2O) and P85K75 (85 kg P2O5, 75 kg ha-1 K2O). Plant height, pods plant-1, grains pod-1, 1000-grain weight and yield kg ha-1 were minimum where no fertilizers (Control, T1) were used. Studied growth and yield parameters of mungbean showed an increasing trend with the increasing level of both P and K fertilizer applications till P57K62. However, further increase in P and K nutrient levels negatively affected the mungbean growth and yield. Dry matter accumulation crop growth rate of mungbean plants was maximum when treated with P57K62. However, performance of mungbean plants was statistically inferior in terms of plant height (cm), number of pods plant-1, number of seeds pod-1, 1000-grain weight (g) and grain yield during both years, when treated with other fertilizer application treatments i.e., P30K0, P45K50, P85K75. From the presented results it can be concluded that under Thal region of Pakistan, higher mungbean yield can be increased by the application of P57K62 (57 kg ha-1 of P2O5 and 62 kg ha-1 of K2O).
Keywords: Phenology, Pulses, macronutrients, crop yield, Crop development, time to flowering, Arid climatic conditions, Potassium, Phosphorus.
*Corresponding author: Jamshad Hussain firstname.lastname@example.org
Cite this article as:
Hassan, I., G. Abbas, J. Hussain, Z. Abbas, T. Mehmoos, M. Amer, M.A. Bhatti, S. Hussain. 2023. Optimization of phosphorus and potassium fertilization rates for improving mungbean production under arid agroclimatic conditions of Thal, Punjab, Pakistan. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 25 (1&2): 27-36. [Abstract] [View Full-Text] [Citations]
Copyright © Hassan et al., 2023 This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original author and source are appropriately cited and credited.
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