Advances and Challenges in Sustainable Wastewater Treatment Systems – Abstract

Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS). Nasir et al., 2023. 25(3&4):XX.

Open Access – Review Article

Conventional and Advanced Wastewater Treatment Techniques; Development of Sustainable Environment and Production of Biofertilizers
Omazia Nasir 1, Sanam Ashraf 2, Muhammad Arif Rizwan 3, Aimen Javed 4, Kinza Amjad 4, Muhammad Ramzan 5, Robina Bibi 6

1 Department of Microbiology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
2 Department of Chemistry, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan
3 Department of Microbiology, Cholistan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Bahawalpur, Pakistan
4 Department of Chemistry, University of Education, Lahore, Pakistan
5 Department of Health and Biological Sciences, Abasyn University Peshawar, Pakistan
6 Department of Microbiology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Abstract: Wastewater treatment is currently a vital and expanding area in water purification. Numerous reasons, including urbanization, industry, agricultural farming, livestock, oil spills, deforestation, global warming, radioactive waste and population growth, are mostly to blame for the release of various contaminants into water supplies. Several conventional methods of treating wastewater were previously introduced, including thermal treatment, ion exchange, adsorption, electrochemical degradation, coagulation and chemical precipitation. The aforementioned methods are ineffective for cleaning water due to a number of disadvantages, including high energy requirements, the creation of unwanted byproducts, harmful consequences, financial concerns, etc. This review article seeks to offer a thorough examination of the development of a sustainable environment and the production of biofertilizers by adopting advanced wastewater treatment techniques in which filtration of water by using (nanotechnology) nanofibrous membrane (NF), enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR), microbial fuel cells (MFCs) and advanced oxidation are included. Activated sludge produced during wastewater treatment can be used to make biofertilizers.

Keywords: Wastewater treatment systems, Sustainable wastewater management, advanced oxidation technologies, Challenges, Resource recovery, Decentralized systems, environmental impact, wastewater reuse, cost-effective innovations.
*Corresponding author:
Omazia Nasir

Cite this article as:

Nasir, O., S. Ashraf, M.A. Rizwan, A. Javed, K. Amjad, M. Ramzan and R. Bibi. 2023. Conventional and Advanced Wastewater Treatment Techniques; Development of Sustainable Environment and Production of Biofertilizers. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 25 (3&4): [Abstract] [View FullText] [Citations]. 

Copyright © Nasir et al., 2023  This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original author and source are appropriately cited and credited.

Similar Articles Published in JEAS

  1. Zaib, M., U. Farooq, M. Adnan1, S. Sajjad, Z. Abbas, K. Haider, N. Khan, R. Abbas, A.S. Nasir, M.F. Muhay-Ul-Din. 2022. Remediation of Saline Soils by Application of Biochar: A Review. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 24(3&4): 29-36. [Abstract] [View Full-Text] [Citations].
  2. Zahalan, R. and M.M. Alzoubi. 2021. Effect of Organic Physical Soil Amending on Deficit Irrigation Efficiency of potato (Solanum Tuberosum L.). Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 23(1&2): 11-18. [ View Full-Text ]  [Citations]
  3. Nasir, M.W., and Z. Toth. 2021. Effect of drought stress on morphology, yield, and chlorophyll concentration of Hungarian potato genotypes. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 23(3&4): 8-16. [View Full-Text]  [Citations].
  4. Jabeen, F., A. Aslam and M. Salman. 2020. Heavy metal contamination in vegetables and soil irrigated with sewage water and health risks assessment. Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences 22(1):23- 31. [Abstract] [View Full-Text] [Citations]
  5. Nasir, M.W.,  A. Yasmeen, M. Imran and T. Zoltan. 2019. Seed priming to alleviate drought stress in cotton. Journal of Environmental& Agricultural Sciences. 21:14-22.
    [Abstract] [View Full-Text] [Citations]
  6. Ahmad, A., Z. Aslam, N. Iqbal, M. Idrees, K. Bellitürk, S.Rehman, H. Ameer,, M.U. Ibrahim, Samiullah and M. Rehan. 2019. Effect of exogenous application of osmolytes on growth and yield of wheat under drought conditions. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 21:6-13. [Abstract] [View Full-Text] 
  7. Ahmad, I., S.M.A. Basra, S. Hussain, S.A. Hussain, Hafeez-ur-Rehman, A. Rehman and A. Ali. 2015. Priming with ascorbic acid, salicylic acid and hydrogen peroxide improves seedling growth of spring maize at suboptimal temperature. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 3:14-22. [ ] [View Full-Text] [Citations].

Competing Interest Statement: The authors have declared that they have no competing interests and there is no conflict of interest exists.

Adegoke, A. A. and T.-A. Stenstrom (2019). “Septic systems.” Global Water Pathogen Project.
Adusei-Gyamfi, J., et al. (2019). “Natural organic matter-cations complexation and its impact on water treatment: A critical review.” Water research 160: 130-147.
Agarwal, S. and A.P. Singh. 2022. Performance evaluation of textile wastewater treatment techniques using sustainability index: An integrated fuzzy approach of assessment. J. Clean. Product. 337: 130384.
Akpor, O. and B. Muchie (2011). “Environmental and public health implications of wastewater quality.” African Journal of Biotechnology 10(13): 2379-2387.
Akyol, Ç., et al. (2020). “Validated innovative approaches for energy-efficient resource recovery and re-use from municipal wastewater: From anaerobic treatment systems to a biorefinery concept.” Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 50(9): 869-902.
Alver, A. 2019. Evaluation of conventional drinking water treatment plant efficiency according to water quality index and health risk assessment. Environ. Sci.Pollut. Res. 26: 27225-27238.
Al-Zubari, W., et al. (2017). “An overview of the GCC unified water strategy (2016–2035).” Desalination and water treatment 81(s 5).
Arthington, Á. H., et al. (2010). “Preserving the biodiversity and ecological services of rivers: new challenges and research opportunities.” Freshwater biology 55(1): 1-16.
Awaleh, M. O. and Y. D. Soubaneh (2014). “Waste water treatment in chemical industries: the concept and current technologies.” hydrol current res 5(1): 1-12.
Bagherzadeh, F., et al. (2021). “Comparative study on total nitrogen prediction in wastewater treatment plant and effect of various feature selection methods on machine learning algorithms performance.” Journal of Water Process Engineering 41: 102033.
Bairagi, S. and S. W. Ali (2020). “Conventional and advanced technologies for wastewater treatment.” Environmental Nanotechnology for Water Purification: 33-56.
Beekman, G. B. (1998). “Water conservation, recycling and reuse.” International Journal of Water Resources Development 14(3): 353-364.
Bekchanov, M., et al. (2022). Circular economy—A treasure trove of opportunities for enhancing resource efficiency and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Handbook of Energy and Environmental Security, Elsevier: 481-499.
Bera, S. P., et al. (2022). “Emerging and advanced membrane technology for wastewater treatment: A review.” Journal of basic microbiology 62(3-4): 245-259.
Bhat, S. U. and U. Qayoom (2021). “Implications of sewage discharge on freshwater ecosystems.”
Bibri, S. E. and J. Krogstie (2020). “Environmentally data-driven smart sustainable cities: Applied innovative solutions for energy efficiency, pollution reduction, and urban metabolism.” Energy Informatics 3: 1-59.
Bixio, D., et al. (2006). “Wastewater reuse in Europe.” Desalination 187(1-3): 89-101.
Bourne, L. (2016). Stakeholder relationship management: a maturity model for organisational implementation, CRC Press.
Bouwer, H. (2000). “Integrated water management: emerging issues and challenges.” Agricultural water management 45(3): 217-228.
Branch, A., et al. (2021). “Log removal values in membrane bioreactors: Correlation of surrogate monitoring and operational parameters.” Journal of Water Process Engineering 41: 102032.
Breitenmoser, L., et al. (2022). “Perceived drivers and barriers in the governance of wastewater treatment and reuse in India: Insights from a two-round Delphi study.” Resources, Conservation and Recycling 182: 106285.
Cai, T., et al. (2013). “Nutrient recovery from wastewater streams by microalgae: status and prospects.” Renewable and sustainable energy reviews 19: 360-369.
Capodaglio, A. G. (2017). “Integrated, decentralized wastewater management for resource recovery in rural and peri-urban areas.” Resources 6(2): 22.
Cecchin, A., et al. (2020). “Relating industrial symbiosis and circular economy to the sustainable development debate.” Industrial symbiosis for the circular economy: Operational experiences, best practices and obstacles to a collaborative business approach: 1-25.
Chang, N.-B., et al. (2015). “Remote sensing for monitoring surface water quality status and ecosystem state in relation to the nutrient cycle: a 40-year perspective.” Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 45(2): 101-166.
Cherukumilli, K., I. Ray and A.J. Pickering. 2023. Evaluating the hidden costs of drinking water treatment technologies. Nat. Water. 1: 319-327.
Chin, M. Y., et al. (2022). “Life cycle assessment of bioelectrochemical and integrated microbial fuel cell systems for sustainable wastewater treatment and resource recovery.” Journal of environmental management 320: 115778.
Connor, R. (2015). The United Nations world water development report 2015: water for a sustainable world, UNESCO publishing.
Contzen, N., J. Kollmann and H.-J. Mosler. 2023. The importance of user acceptance, support, and behaviour change for the implementation of decentralized water technologies. Nat. Water. 1: 138-150.
Corominas, L., et al. (2020). “The application of life cycle assessment (LCA) to wastewater treatment: A best practice guide and critical review.” Water research 184: 116058.
Daigger, G. T. (2007). “Wastewater management in the 21st century.” Journal of Environmental Engineering 133(7): 671-680.
Deng, Y. and R. Zhao (2015). “Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) in wastewater treatment.” Current Pollution Reports 1: 167-176.
Ebele, A. J., et al. (2017). “Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in the freshwater aquatic environment.” Emerging contaminants 3(1): 1-16.
ElZein, Z., et al. (2016). “Constructed wetlands as a sustainable wastewater treatment method in communities.” Procedia Environmental Sciences 34: 605-617.
Fang, H., et al. (2013). “Metagenomic analysis reveals the prevalence of biodegradation genes for organic pollutants in activated sludge.” Bioresource Technology 129: 209-218.
Foley, J. M., et al. (2010). “Life cycle assessment of high-rate anaerobic treatment, microbial fuel cells, and microbial electrolysis cells.” Environmental science & technology 44(9): 3629-3637.
Fontenot, Q., et al. (2007). “Effects of temperature, salinity, and carbon: nitrogen ratio on sequencing batch reactor treating shrimp aquaculture wastewater.” Bioresource Technology 98(9): 1700-1703.
Ghanbari, F. and M. Moradi (2017). “Application of peroxymonosulfate and its activation methods for degradation of environmental organic pollutants.” Chemical Engineering Journal 310: 41-62.
Gopal, B. (1999). “Natural and constructed wetlands for wastewater treatement: potentials and problems.” Water Science and Technology 40(3): 27-35.
Gostin, L. O., et al. (2019). “The legal determinants of health: harnessing the power of law for global health and sustainable development.” The lancet 393(10183): 1857-1910.
Gupta, V. K., et al. (2012). “Chemical treatment technologies for waste-water recycling—an overview.” Rsc Advances 2(16): 6380-6388.
Gurung, K., et al. (2018). “Unit energy consumption as benchmark to select energy positive retrofitting strategies for Finnish wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs): a case study of Mikkeli WWTP.” Environmental Processes 5: 667-681.
Holloway, R. W., et al. (2014). “Removal of trace organic chemicals and performance of a novel hybrid ultrafiltration-osmotic membrane bioreactor.” Environmental science & technology 48(18): 10859-10868.
Huo, H., et al. (2009). “Life-cycle assessment of energy use and greenhouse gas emissions of soybean-derived biodiesel and renewable fuels.” Environmental science & technology 43(3): 750-756.
Jamali, D. (2004). “Success and failure mechanisms of public private partnerships (PPPs) in developing countries: Insights from the Lebanese context.” International Journal of Public Sector Management 17(5): 414-430.
James, S. W. and S. Friel (2015). “An integrated approach to identifying and characterising resilient urban food systems to promote population health in a changing climate.” Public Health Nutrition 18(13): 2498-2508.
Jasim, N. A. (2020). “The design for wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) with GPS X modelling.” Cogent Engineering 7(1): 1723782.
Kanwal, S., et al. (2020). “Towards sustainable wastewater management: A spatial multi-criteria framework to site the Land-FILTER system in a complex urban environment.” Journal of Cleaner Production 266: 121987.
Khoshnava, S. M., et al. (2019). “Aligning the criteria of green economy (GE) and sustainable development goals (SDGs) to implement sustainable development.” Sustainability 11(17): 4615.
Koprivanac, N. and H. Kusic (2007). “AOP as an effective tool for the minimization of hazardous organic pollutants in colored wastewater; chemical and photochemical processes.” Hazardous Materials and Wastewater: Treatment, Removal and Analysis 1: 149-199.
Liu, R., et al. (2015). “A review of incorporation of constructed wetland with other treatment processes.” Chemical Engineering Journal 279: 220-230.
Longo, S., et al. (2016). “Monitoring and diagnosis of energy consumption in wastewater treatment plants. A state of the art and proposals for improvement.” Applied energy 179: 1251-1268.
Malakar, S., et al. (2017). “Comparative study of biofiltration process for treatment of VOCs emission from petroleum refinery wastewater—A review.” Environmental technology & innovation 8: 441-461.
Markin, A., et al. (2020). “Sewage treatment.”
Marshall, R. E. and K. Farahbakhsh (2013). “Systems approaches to integrated solid waste management in developing countries.” Waste management 33(4): 988-1003.
Miller, G. W. (2006). “Integrated concepts in water reuse: managing global water needs.” Desalination 187(1-3): 65-75.
Misconel, S., et al. (2021). “Assessing the value of demand response in a decarbonized energy system–A large-scale model application.” Applied energy 299: 117326.
Moore, A. L. and L. Shi (2014). “Emerging challenges and materials for thermal management of electronics.” Materials today 17(4): 163-174.
Naik, K. S. and M. K. Stenstrom (2016). “A Feasibility Analysis Methodology for Decentralized Wastewater Systems–Energy‐Efficiency and Cost.” Water Environment Research 88(3): 201-209.
Necibi, M. C., et al. (2021). “Contaminants of emerging concern in African wastewater effluents: occurrence, impact and removal technologies.” Sustainability 13(3): 1125.
Organization, W. H. (2006). WHO guidelines for the safe use of wasterwater excreta and greywater, World Health Organization.
Pan, S.-Y., et al. (2015). “Strategies on implementation of waste-to-energy (WTE) supply chain for circular economy system: a review.” Journal of Cleaner Production 108: 409-421.
Parker, D. S. (2011). “Introduction of new process technology into the wastewater treatment sector.” Water Environment Research 83(6): 483-497.
Pedley, S. and G. Howard (1997). “The public health implications of microbiological contamination of groundwater.” Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology 30(2): 179-188.
Pintilie, L., et al. (2016). “Urban wastewater reclamation for industrial reuse: An LCA case study.” Journal of Cleaner Production 139: 1-14.
Priyadharshini, S. D., et al. (2021). “Phycoremediation of wastewater for pollutant removal: A green approach to environmental protection and long-term remediation.” Environmental Pollution 290: 117989.
Qu, J., et al. (2022). “Emerging trends and prospects for municipal wastewater management in China.” ACS ES&T Engineering 2(3): 323-336.
Rajeshwari, K., et al. (2000). “State-of-the-art of anaerobic digestion technology for industrial wastewater treatment.” Renewable and sustainable energy reviews 4(2): 135-156.
Rice, R. G. (1996). “Applications of ozone for industrial wastewater treatment—a review.” Ozone: science & engineering 18(6): 477-515.
Rubio, D. M., et al. (2010). “Defining translational research: implications for training.” Academic medicine: journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges 85(3): 470.
Ruel, S. M., et al. (2011). “On-site evaluation of the removal of 100 micro-pollutants through advanced wastewater treatment processes for reuse applications.” Water Science and Technology 63(11): 2486-2497.
Sahoo, S. and S. Goswami (2024). “Theoretical framework for assessing the economic and environmental impact of water pollution: A detailed study on sustainable development of India.” Journal of Future Sustainability 4(1): 23-34.
Saravanan, A., et al. (2021). “Effective water/wastewater treatment methodologies for toxic pollutants removal: Processes and applications towards sustainable development.” Chemosphere 280: 130595.
Schröder, U., et al. (2015). “Microbial electrochemistry and technology: terminology and classification.” Energy & Environmental Science 8(2): 513-519.
Sharma, H. B., et al. (2020). “Challenges, opportunities, and innovations for effective solid waste management during and post COVID-19 pandemic.” Resources, Conservation and Recycling 162: 105052.
Shi, Q., et al. (2021). “Efficient synergistic disinfection by ozone, ultraviolet irradiation and chlorine in secondary effluents.” Science of The Total Environment 758: 143641.
Singh, N.K., A.A. Kazmi and M. Starkl. 2014. A review on full-scale decentralized wastewater treatment systems: techno-economical approach. Water Sci. Technol. 71: 468-478.
Skambraks, A.-K., et al. (2017). “Source separation sewage systems as a trend in urban wastewater management: drivers for the implementation of pilot areas in Northern Europe.” Sustainable Cities and Society 28: 287-296.
Sniatala, B., et al. (2023). “Macro-nutrients recovery from liquid waste as a sustainable resource for production of recovered mineral fertilizer: Uncovering alternative options to sustain global food security cost-effectively.” Science of The Total Environment 856: 159283.
Sonune, A. and R. Ghate (2004). “Developments in wastewater treatment methods.” Desalination 167: 55-63.
Strazzabosco, A., et al. (2019). “Solar PV adoption in wastewater treatment plants: A review of practice in California.” Journal of environmental management 248: 109337.
Thakur, V. (2021). “Framework for PESTEL dimensions of sustainable healthcare waste management: Learnings from COVID-19 outbreak.” Journal of Cleaner Production 287: 125562.
Van Lier, J. B. (2008). “High-rate anaerobic wastewater treatment: diversifying from end-of-the-pipe treatment to resource-oriented conversion techniques.” Water Science and Technology 57(8): 1137-1148.
Verma, M. and V.A. Loganathan. 2023. Water security and health risk assessment of an urban household-level drinking water and sanitation system, Punjab, India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 195: 750.
Verstraete, W., et al. (2009). “Maximum use of resources present in domestic “used water”.” Bioresource Technology 100(23): 5537-5545.
Vieira, D. R., et al. (2016). “Life cycle assessment (LCA) applied to the manufacturing of common and ecological concrete: A review.” Construction and Building Materials 124: 656-666.
Völker, J., et al. (2019). “Systematic review of toxicity removal by advanced wastewater treatment technologies via ozonation and activated carbon.” Environmental science & technology 53(13): 7215-7233.
Vymazal, J. (2011). “Constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment: five decades of experience.” Environmental science & technology 45(1): 61-69.
Warsinger, D. M., et al. (2018). “A review of polymeric membranes and processes for potable water reuse.” Progress in polymer science 81: 209-237.
Wilderer, P. A. and D. Schreff (2000). “Decentralized and centralized wastewater management: a challenge for technology developers.” Water Science and Technology 41(1): 1-8.
Wintgens, T., et al. (2005). “The role of membrane processes in municipal wastewater reclamation and reuse.” Desalination 178(1-3): 1-11.
Zhang, B., et al. (2010). “Phytoremediation in engineered wetlands: mechanisms and applications.” Procedia Environmental Sciences 2: 1315-1325.
Zhong, L., et al. (2023). “Bibliometric overview of research progress, challenges, and prospects of rural domestic sewage: Treatment techniques, resource recovery, and ecological risk.” Journal of Water Process Engineering 51: 103389.

One Reply to “Advances and Challenges in Sustainable Wastewater Treatment Systems – Abstract”

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *