Advances and Challenges in Sustainable Wastewater Treatment Systems – Abstract

Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS). Nasir et al., 2023. 25(3&4):XX.

Open Access – Review Article

Conventional and Advanced Wastewater Treatment Techniques; Development of Sustainable Environment and Production of Biofertilizers
Omazia Nasir 1, Sanam Ashraf 2, Muhammad Arif Rizwan 3, Aimen Javed 4, Kinza Amjad 4, Muhammad Ramzan 5, Robina Bibi 6

1 Department of Microbiology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
2 Department of Chemistry, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Pakistan
3 Department of Microbiology, Cholistan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Bahawalpur, Pakistan
4 Department of Chemistry, University of Education, Lahore, Pakistan
5 Department of Health and Biological Sciences, Abasyn University Peshawar, Pakistan
6 Department of Microbiology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Abstract: Wastewater treatment is currently a vital and expanding area in water purification. Numerous reasons, including urbanization, industry, agricultural farming, livestock, oil spills, deforestation, global warming, radioactive waste and population growth, are mostly to blame for the release of various contaminants into water supplies. Several conventional methods of treating wastewater were previously introduced, including thermal treatment, ion exchange, adsorption, electrochemical degradation, coagulation and chemical precipitation. The aforementioned methods are ineffective for cleaning water due to a number of disadvantages, including high energy requirements, the creation of unwanted byproducts, harmful consequences, financial concerns, etc. This review article seeks to offer a thorough examination of the development of a sustainable environment and the production of biofertilizers by adopting advanced wastewater treatment techniques in which filtration of water by using (nanotechnology) nanofibrous membrane (NF), enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR), microbial fuel cells (MFCs) and advanced oxidation are included. Activated sludge produced during wastewater treatment can be used to make biofertilizers.

Keywords: Wastewater treatment systems, Sustainable wastewater management, advanced oxidation technologies, Challenges, Resource recovery, Decentralized systems, environmental impact, wastewater reuse, cost-effective innovations.
*Corresponding author:
Omazia Nasir

Cite this article as:

Nasir, O., S. Ashraf, M.A. Rizwan, A. Javed, K. Amjad, M. Ramzan and R. Bibi. 2023. Conventional and Advanced Wastewater Treatment Techniques; Development of Sustainable Environment and Production of Biofertilizers. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 25 (3&4): [Abstract] [View FullText] [Citations]. 

Copyright © Nasir et al., 2023  This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original author and source are appropriately cited and credited.

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Competing Interest Statement: The authors have declared that they have no competing interests and there is no conflict of interest exists.

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