Impact of Better Management Practices on Farmland Biodiversity Associated with Sugarcane Crop

Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS). Sajjad et al., 2016. Volume 7: 48-54

Open Access – Research Article

Impact of Better Management Practices on Farmland Biodiversity Associated with Sugarcane Crop
 Asif Sajjad 1,*, Abdul Rasheed Bhutto 1, Asad Imran 1, Arif Hamid Makhdum 1
¹ Sustainable Agriculture Programme, World Wide Fund (WWF) for Nature, Pakistan


Abstract: Over the course of time, intensification in agriculture and degradation of natural habitats have posed a serious concern for biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and food security across the globe. Sugarcane is one of the notorious crops in this regard. Keeping in view these sustainability challenges in sugar sector, certain multi stakeholder worldwide initiatives have been set up. These initiatives promote sustainable sugarcane production by promoting environmental friendly Better Management Practices (BMPs); leading to socio-economic prosperity. However, the empirical evidences of impact of BMPs on farmland biodiversity and ecosystem functions are rare. Current study aimed to evaluate the impact of four major BMPs related to fertilizers (i.e. use of farm yard manure and avoiding synthetic fertilizers), insecticides ( i.e. need based application of botanical insecticides and avoiding synthetic insecticides), irrigation (i.e. need base application of irrigation after careful crop ecosystem analysis) and trash management ( i.e. trash mulching after each harvest and avoiding trash burning) on biodiversity of soil macro-invertebrates, mammals and birds. After three consecutive years of BMPs application, BMP plots were more taxa rich (38) than that of non-BMP plots (33). The abundance was also higher in BMP plots (4107 individuals) than that of non-BMP plots (2718). The comparison of Shannon-Wiener and Simpson diversity indices by using bootstrapping and permutation methods revealed BMP plots as species more diverse than that of non-BMP plots. Comparison of diversity profiles by using exponential of the Ryeni index further confirmed this finding. It was concluded that continuous adoption of environmental friendly BMPs can significantly improve farmland biodiversity and ecosystem functions in sugarcane crop.

Keywords: Biodiversity, Ecosystem, Better management practices, Ecosystem functions,

*Corresponding author: Asif Sajjad: asifbinsajjad@gmail.com


Cite this article as Sajjad, A., A.R. Bhutto, A. Imran and A.H. Makhdum. 2016. Impact of better management practices on farmland biodiversity associated with sugarcane crop. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 7: 48-54.7. [Abstract] [View FullText] [Citations].

Title: Impact of Better Management Practices on Farmland Biodiversity Associated with Sugarcane Crop

Authors: Asif Sajjad, Abdul Rasheed Bhutto, Asad Imran and Arif Hamid Makhdum

Pages: 48-54


Copyright © Sajjad et al., 2016. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original author and source are appropriately cited and credited.


References

Ahmed, A., A. Suhail, Z. Abdin, S. Iftikhar and K. Zahoor. 2004. Biodiversity of insects associated with sugarcane crop in Faisalabad. Pakistan Entomol. 26: 65‒69.

Altieri, A.M. 1994. The ecological role of biodiversity in agroecosystem. Elsevier Publishers.

Anonymous. 2014. BONSUCRO production standard: Including BONSUCRO EU production standard. Volume 4.01. 20 Pond Square London, N6 6BA , United Kingdom.

Atkinson, P.W., R.A. fuller, S. Gillings and J.A. Vickery. 2006. Counting birds on farmland habitats in winter. Bird Stud. 53: 303–309.

Boef, W.S. 2000. Learning about institutional frameworks that support farmer management of agro-biodiversity: Tales of the unpredictables. PhD. thesis, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands. p. 281-300.

FAO, 2009. Report, Food and Agricultural Organization. United Nations: Economic and Social Department: The Statistical Division.

Gotelli, N.J. and D.F. Entsminger. 2005. EcoSim, Null models software for ecology, v 7.72 Acquired Intelligence Inc and Kesey-Bearm, at http://homepages.together.net/~gentsmin/ecosim.htm

Green, R.E., S.J. Cornell, J.P.W. Scharlemann and A. Balmford. 2005. Farming and the fate of wild nature. Science. 307: 550–555.

Hamilton, A.J. 2005. Species diversity or biodiversity? J. Environ. Manage. 75(1): 89–92.

Hammer, O., D.A.T Harper and P.D. Ryan. 2001. PAST: Paleontological statistics software for education and data analysis. Paleontologia Electronica. 4: 1-9.

Haq, Q., T. Ali, M. Ahmad and F. Nosheen. 2008. An analysis of pesticide usage by cotton growers: a case study of district Multan, Punjab-Pakistan. Pakistan J. Agric. Sci. 45(1): 133-137.

Johnson, A.K. 2000. Land cover changes and its environmental significance in the Herbert River Catchment North East Queensland. Routledge publishers, Babinda, Queensland.

IUCN, 2013. Biodiversity Implications of a sustainability standard for sugarcane. Report of the IUCN-convened expert group assessing biodiversity implications of Raízen’s implementation of the Bonsucro Standard in Brazil. (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Rue Mauverney 28 1196 Gland Switzerland.

Kshirsagar, K.G. 2006. Organic sugarcane farming for development of sustainable agriculture in Maharashtra. Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol. 19 (Conference No.) 2006 p. 145-153.

Magurran, A.E. 2004. Ecological diversity and measurements (2nd edition). Princeton University Press, Princeton.
McIntyre S., H. M. McGinness, D. Gaydon and A.D. Arthur. 2011. Introducing irrigation efficiencies: prospects for flood-dependent biodiversity in a rice agro-ecosystem. Environ. Conserv. 38 (3): 353–365.

Mohsin, M., S.A.Q. Khan, I. Yousuf, M. Ejaz, Y. M. Jameel and A. Hussain. 2011. Invertebrate species richness associated with sugarcane crop (Saccharum Officinarum) of Faisalabad. Biologia. 57(1&2): 111-119.

 

Netondo, G.W., F. Waswa, L. Maina, T. Naisiko, J.K. Ngaira and N. Masayi. 2010. Agrobiodiversity endangered by sugarcane farming in Mumias and Nzoia sugarbelts of Western Kenya. Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 4(7): 437-445.

Ocak, S. and Ogun S. 2012. Dissemination of scientific data for sustainable, organic milk production systems, InTech, DOI: 10.5772/51739.

PECBM. 2006. State of Europe´s Common Birds, 2005. CSO/RSPB, Prague, Czech Republic.

Pimentel, D., L. McLaughlin, A. Zepp, B. Lakitan, T. Kraus, P. Kleinman, F. Vancini, W.J. Roach, E. Graap, W.S.

Keeton and G. Selig. 1993. Environmental and economic effects of reducing pesticide use in agriculture. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 46(1–4), 273–288.

Renyi, A. 1961. On measures of information and entropy. Proceedings of the 4th Berkeley Symposium on Mathematics, Statistics and Probability. p. 547-561.

Sajjad, A., F. Ahmad, A.H. Makhdoom and A. Imran. 2012. Does trash burning harm arthropods biodiversity in sugarcane? Int. J. Agric. Biol. 14: 1021‒1023.

Singh, D., P. Jain, A. Gupta and R. Nema. 2013. Soil diversity: a key for natural management of biological and chemical constitute to maintain soil health and fertility. Int. J. Biosci. Biotech. 5: 41-50.

Souza, D.M., D.F.B. Flynn, F. DeClerck, R.K. Rosenbaum, H.M. Lisboa and T. Koellner. 2013. Land use impacts on biodiversity in LCA: proposal of characterization factors based on functional diversity. Int. J. Life Cycle Assess. 18: 1231-1242.

Srikanth, J., S. Easwaramoorthy, N.K. Kurup and G. Santhalaksmi. 1997. Spider abundance in sugarcane: impact of cultural practices, irrigation and post-harvest trash burning. Biol. Agric. Hort. 14: 343‒356.

Upreti, R.B. and Y.U. Ghale. 2002. Factors leading to biodiversity loss in developing countries: The case of Nepal. Biodivers. Conserv. 11: 1607-1621.

Ware, G.W. 1983. Pesticides, Theory and Application. W.H. Freeman and Co. San Fransisco. USA

WWF. 2005. World Wildlife Foundation. Sugar and the environment, available at: http://awsassets.panda.org/downloads/sugarandtheenvironment_fidq.pdf.


Join Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS)

Interested to join the JEAS Team

Join JEAS as a member Editorial Board see Editors’ Responsibilities

Join JEAS as a member Review Panel  Reviewers’ Responsibilities

(send your CV through email at editor.jeas@outlook.com)


JEAS Indexing Journal of Environmental EAS is indexed by reputed indexing services.

Suggest Indexing service/s through email (editor.jeas@outlook.com)


Call for Articles
Submit Your research for publication in the “Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS)” through email: editor.jeas@outlook.com


JEAS Recently Published and Highly Cited Articles
Citation record of JEAS: JEAS Google Scholar page
Follow  JEAS Facebook

Subscribe to Get JEAS Updates

We’d love to keep you updated with our latest articles and news 😎

We don’t spam! Read our [link]privacy policy[/link] for more info.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *