Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS). Majeed et al., 2020. Volume 22(4): 1-7
Open Access – Research Article
Effect of Different Combinations of Organic and Synthetic Sources of Nutrients on Growth, Yield and Quality Parameters of Turmeric Under Faisalabad Conditions
Yasir Majeed 1, Khurram Ziaf 1,*, Muhmmad Awais Ghani 1, Iftikhar Ahmad 1,
Muhammad Ameen Ahmad 2, Karim Yar Abbasi 1, Hamza Mujahid 1, Kaiser Latif Cheema 3
1 Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan.
2 Department of Chemistry, Lahore Garrison University, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
3 Pulses Research Institute, Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Abstract: Curcuma longa L. (Turmeric) is a perennial herbaceous crop that belongs to the family Zingiberaceae. It is being used for medicinal as well as culinary purposes. Turmeric requires a substantial amount of chemical fertilizers, animal manure or farmyard manure to produce a high rhizome yield. This study was conducted at Vegetable Research Area, Institute of Horticultural Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, during 2019-20. Six different fertilizers treatments, viz. T0 (control), T1 (8 ton ha-1 FYM), T2 (8 ton FYM + N:P:K 75, 25 and 50 kg ha-1 ), T3 (4 ton FYM + N:P:K 90, 32 and 62 kg ha-1 ), T4 (N:P:K 136, 100 and 125 kg ha-1 ) and T5 (2.5 ton FYM + N:P:K 182, 172 and 80 kg ha-1 ) were used. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design with three replications and collected data were statistically analyzed using Statistix 8.1. Maximum growth, yield and quality traits, viz. plant height (87.8 cm), number of tillers per plant (3.8), number of leaves per plant (19.0), leaf length (39.8 cm), leaf width (13.3 cm), stem diameter (17.3 mm), number of primary rhizomes per plant (6.4), number of secondary rhizomes per plant (14.2), total number of rhizomes per plant (21.6), weight of primary rhizomes (115.4 g plant-1 ), weight of secondary rhizomes (116.7 g plant-1 ), yield (257.7 g plant-1 ), rhizome length (53.2 mm), rhizome diameter (24.3 mm) and total dry matter (49.5 %) were recorded in treatment T5 (2.5 ton FYM + N:P:K 182, 172 and 80 kg ha-1 ). Moisture content was highest, i.e. 59.8% and 59.7% in treatment T0 (control) and T1 (8 ton ha-1 FYM), respectively. Total soluble solids were found highest, i.e. 11.92 and 11.48 oBrix, in T3 (4 ton FYM + N:P:K 90, 32 and 62 kg ha-1 ) and T4 (N:P:K 136, 100 and 125 kg ha-1 ), respectively. However, maximum curcumin content (0.94%) was observed in treatment T4 (N:P:K 136:100:125 kg/ha). This study concluded that application of N:P:K 136:100:125 kg ha-1 was best for increasing curcumin content (curcumin yield) but further increase in applied nutrients along with FYM, i.e. 2.5 ton FYM + N:P:K 182, 172 and 80 kg ha-1 can produce highest rhizome yield in sandy loam soils.
Keywords: Curcuma longa, Spice, Curcumin, Chemical Fertilizers, Farmyard manure, Rhizomes.
*Corresponding author: Khurram Ziaf: firstname.lastname@example.org
Cite this article as:
Majeed, Y., K. Ziaf, M.A. Ghani, I. Ahmad, M.A. Ahmad, K.Y. Abbasi, H. Mujahid and K.L. Cheema. 2020. Effect of different combinations of organic and synthetic sources of nutrients on growth, yield and quality parameters of turmeric under Faisalabad conditions. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 22(4): 1-7. [Abstract] [View Full-Text] [Citations]
Copyright © Majeed et al., 2020. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original author and source are appropriately cited and credited.
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