Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS). Dev et al., 2023. 25(1&2):1-17
Open Access – Research Article
Zinc Biofortification of Mungbean (Vigna radiata l.) as Influenced by Varieties and Zinc Fertilization
Pushkar Dev 1, Ummed Singh 1,*, L. Netajit Singh 2, Y S Shivay 3, Manoj Kumar 4, P R Raiger 5
1Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, Agriculture University, Jodhpur-342304, Rajasthan, India
2Department of Agricultural Statistics, College of Agriculture, Agriculture University, Jodhpur-342304, Rajasthan, India
3Division of Agronomy, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi-110012, India;
4ICAR-All India Coordinated Research Project on Pearl Millet, ARS, Mandor, Jodhpur-342304, India
5Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, College of Agriculture, Agriculture University, Jodhpur-342304, Rajasthan, India
Abstract: A field experiment was conducted during kharif season of 2019 under a factorial randomized block design replicated thrice in Zn-deficient loamy sand soil of arid region to study Zn biofortification of mungbean in four different varieties including “GM 4,” “GAM 5”, “GM 6”, and “IPM 02-3” under seven different Zn levels i.e., 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 kg Zn ha-1. Mungbean genotype ‘GM 4’ substantially fetched higher Zn concentration by grain (46.6 mg kg-1) and stover (36.0 mg kg-1) and Zn uptake by grain (52.1 g ha-1) and stover (99.6 g ha-1). Application of 6 kg ha-1 Zn resulted in significantly higher Zn concentration in the grain (39.6 mg kg-1) and stover (29.2 mg kg-1). Among the mungbean varieties, ‘GM 6’ fetched substantially higher ZUE (454.6 kg grain increased kg-1 Zn applied), IZUE (11.9 kg grain kg-1 Zn uptake), and PZUE (28.1 kg grain increment g-1 Zn uptake). Application of Zn to mungbean significantly influenced the Zn use indices. Increasing levels of Zn recorded decreasing ZUE (1035.8–187.9 kg grain increased kg-1 Zn applied), IZUE (9.89–9.15 kg grain kg-1 Zn uptake), AZUE (48.6–21.9 kg grain increased kg-1 Zn applied), and PZUE (37.4–14.1 kg grain increment g-1 Zn uptake). Efficient genotype selection and appropriate Zn application are potential approaches for Zn biofortification of mungbean under Zn-deficient soil conditions.
Keywords: Biofortification, mungbean, nutrient use efficiency indices, zinc concentration
*Corresponding author: Ummed Singh, email: email@example.com
Cite this article as:
Dev, P., U. Singh, L.N. Singh, Y.S. Shivay, M. Kumar and P.R. Raiger. 2023. Zinc biofortification of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) as influenced by varieties and zinc fertilization. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 25 (1&2): 1-17 [Abstract] [View Full-Text] [Citations]
Copyright © Dev et al., 2023 This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original author and source are appropriately cited and credited.
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