Water Stress in Crop Plants, Implications for Sustainable Agriculture – Abstract

Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS). Zaib et al., 2023. Volume 25 (1&2): 37-50

Open Access – Review Article

Water Stress in Crop Plants, Implications for Sustainable Agriculture: Current and Future Prospects

Muhammad Zaib 1, ⃰, Usama Farooq 1, Muhammad Adnan 1, Zaheer Abbas 1, Kamran Haider 1,
Noreen Khan 1, Roaid Abbas 1, Awon Shahzeb Nasir 2, Sidra 1,
Muhammad Furqan Muhay-Ul-Din 3, Talha Farooq 4, Aoun Muhammad 5

1 Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan
2 Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan
Department of Agricultural Extension, University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan
Department of Horticulture, University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan
5 Department of Entomology, University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan

Abstract: Soil is a component that supports human life in different ways. It is used to support plants and various food crops. Good soil is responsible to provide good land for agricultural purposes. Agricultural sector plays an important role in providing employment to rural areas and major contributor to economic growth and development. People living in villages are mostly interlinked with agriculture. Agriculture is the bedrock of human existence. It is also important in many sectors of the economy. It provides food for humans. But due to changes in climate in the last few decades, it is facing many threats. Due to climate change, a large proportion of arable land has been degraded. Drought is a critical issue that manifests itself in the form of water scarcity and its intensity, duration and frequency are gradually rising. Drought is the main abiotic stress which affects crop yields and is a growing problem. It affects many physiological factors of the plant and inhibits its growth. In high-stress environments, the plant has to go through many problems to complete its life cycle. In these problems, the plant completes its life cycle by activating its physiological hormones. Plants can reduce the effect of drought stress through tolerance. Different plants morphological hormones are used to tolerate the effect of drought stress. Every hormone works to control a different plant process. In short, in the study, we will focus on plant hormones that help plants to reduce the effect of drought so that the plant can tolerate the stressful environment.

Keywords: Water shortage; Drought; Plant growth; Seed germination; Plant hormones; climate change.
*Corresponding author: Muhammad Zaib, email: zaibch767@gmail.com

Copyright © Zaib et al., 2023. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original author and source are appropriately cited and credited.

Cite this article as:
Zaib, M., U. Farooq, M. Adnan, Z. Abbas, K. Haider, N. Khan, R. Abbas, A.S. Nasir, Sidra, M.F. Muhay-Ul-Din, T. Farooq, A. Muhammad. 2023. Water Stress in Crop Plants, Implications for Sustainable Agriculture: Current and Future Prospects. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 25 (1&2): 37-50. [Abstract] [View Full-Text]

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