Sulphate of Potash Enhances Mungbean Yield – Abstract

Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS). Hussain et al., 24(3&4):23-28 

Open Access – Research Article

Application of Sulphate of Potash Enhances Mungbean (Vigna radiata) Yield under Agroclimatic Conditions of Thal, Pakistan
Ishtiaq Hussain1, Ghulam Abbas2, Jamshad Hussain*,2, Zafar Abbas2, Tahir Mehmood2,
Marghub Amer2, Qaisar Maqsood3, Irfan Rasool4
1Addistional Director General, Agriculture (Farms and Training), Department of Agriculture, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
2Adaptive Research Farm, Karor Laal Esan, Punjab, Pakistan
3Department of Botany, Govt. College University, Faisalabad, Sub campus Layyah, Pakistan
4Adaptive Research Farm, Dera Ghazi Khan, Punjab, Pakistan


Abstract: Mungbean (Vigna radiata) is an important pulse crop which has high nutritive value. Its seed is protein rich and plant can fix atmospheric nitrogen. Potash not only increases the yield of mungbean but also improves the quality of mungbean. The effect of different doses of potash (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100 kg ha-1) was studied at Adaptive Research Farm Karor, Layyah, Pakistan. The field experiment was performed during kharif seasons (2019 and 2020) using a randomized complete block design having three replications. The performance of mungbean was the best with the application of SOP @75 kg ha-1 with 1000-grain weight (63 g), the number of grains per pod (11), number of pods per plant (19.33) and grain yield (803 kg ha-1) during crop season 2020. In nutshell, 75 kg ha-1 SOP should be applied during the soil preparation for maximum yield of mungbean in the Thal region.
Keywords: Arid conditions, Pulses, Nutrients, AZRI-2006, Fertilizers, NPK, Pakistan
*Corresponding author: Jamshad Hussain, email: mjamshad18@gmail.com


Cite this article as:

Hussain, I., G. Abbas, J. Hussain, Z. Abbas, T. Mehmood, M. Amer, Q. Maqsood and I. Rasool. 2022. Application of sulphate of potash enhances mungbean (Vigna radiata) yield under agroclimatic conditions of Thal, Pakistan. Journal of Environmental& Agricultural Sciences. 24(3&4):23-28.
[Abstract] [View Full-Text] [Citations]


Copyright © Hussain et al., 2022. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original author and source are appropriately cited and credited.


Similar Articles Published in JEAS

  • Haider, M.W., K. Ziaf, R. Anwar, A.U. Malik, M.M. Jahangir, R. Riaz, M. Asif, B.E. Bajwa, M.A. Ghani, Y. Majeed and C.M. Ayyub. 2022. Impact of Seed Sources, Genotypes and Fertilizer Sources on Onion Set Production Potential. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 24(1&2): 1-9. [View Full-Text]
  • Sattar, B., S. Ahmad, I. Daur, M.B. Hussain, M. Ali, T.U. Haq, M. Arif and M. Bakhtawer. 2021. Bioactive-sulfur coated diammonium phosphate improves nitrogen and phosphorus use efficiency and maize (Zea mays L.) yield. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 23(3&4): 23-29. [View Full-Text]
  • Abbas, Z., G. Abbas, J. Hussain, T. Mehmood, M. Amer, S. Hussain and M.N. Ahmad. 2021. Foliar application of macro and micronutrients enhances cotton production. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 23(3 & 4): 1-7.  [View Full-Text]
  • Majeed, Y., K. Ziaf, M.A. Ghani, I. Ahmad, M.A. Ahmad, K.Y. Abbasi, H. Mujahid and K.L. Cheema. 2020. Effect of different combinations of organic and synthetic sources of nutrients on growth, yield and quality parameters of turmeric under Faisalabad conditions. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 22(4): 1-7.  [View Full-Text]
  • Naroua, I., S. Issaka, A.K. Saidou, R.A. Issoufou, S.M. Sadi and J.B. Aune. 2020. Effects of fertilizer micro-dosing on grain yield of cereals and legumes in Western Niger, West Africa. Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences.22(2):20-25. [View Full-Text]
  • Oku, E.E., S.A. Emmanuel, N.C. Odoh and B.I. Musa. 2020. Soil physical fertility status and management prescription for soil sustaining farms and ranches in Abuja, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences. 22(1):57-63. [View Full-Text]


Competing Interest Statement: The authors have no conflict of interest. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.

Author’s Contribution: I. H. and G.A. gave the idea and supervised the research. J.H. and Z.A. conducted the research and analyzed the data. J.H. and T.M. drafted the paper. M.A. and Q.M. helped with paper collection and reviewed the paper. I.R and J.H. inserted the suggestions and finalized the final manuscript. 

Acknowledgment: We acknowledge the funding of the Government of Punjab for conducting this research article.


References

Ali, A., M.A. Malik, R. Ahmad and T.S Atif. 1996. Response of mungbean to potassium fertilizer. Pakistan J. Agric. Sci. 33(1-4): 44-45.

Ali, M.A., G. Abbas, Q. Mohy-ud-Din, K. Ullah G. Abbas and M. Aslam. 2010. Response of Mungbean (Vigna radiata) to phosphatic fertilizer under arid climate. J. Anim. Plant Sci. 20 (2): 83-86

Al-Zahrani, H. S., H. F. Alharby, K. R. Hakeem and R. U. Rehman. 2021. Exogenous Application of zinc to mitigate the salt stress in Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek—evaluation of physiological and biochemical processes. Plants. 10: 1005.

Amitrano, C., C. Arena, S. De Pascale and V. De Micco. 2020. Light and low relative humidity increase antioxidants content in mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) sprouts. Plants. 9: 1093.

Arif, M., M. Arshad, A. Khalid and A. Hannan. 2008. Differential response of rice genotypes at deficit and adequate potassium regimes under controlled conditions. Soil Environ. 27(1): 52-57.

Babaeian, M., I. Piri, A. Tavassoli, Y. Esmaeilian and H. Gholami. 2011. Effect of water stress and micronutrients (Fe, Zn and Mn) on chlorophyll fluorescence, leaf chlorophyll content and sunflower nutrient uptake in Sistan region. African J. Agric. Res. 6 (15): 3526-3531.

Baligar, V.C., N.K. Fageria and Z.L. He. 2001. Nutrient use efficiency in plants. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal. 32: 921-950

Bell, L. W., A. T. James, M. A. Augustin, A. Rombenso, D. Blyth, C. Simon, T. J. V. Higgins and J. M. Barrero. 2021. A niche for cowpea in sub-tropical Australia? Agronomy. 11: 1654.

Bukhsh, M. A. A. H. A., R. Ahmad, A. U. Malik, S. Hussain and M. Ishaque. 2011. Profitability of three maize hybrids as influenced by varying plant density and potassium application. J. Anim. Plant Sci. 21(1): 42-47.

Burlyaeva, M., M. Vishnyakova, M. Gurkina, K. Kozlov, C.-R. Lee, C.T. Ting, R. Schafleitner, S. Nuzhdin, M. Samsonova and E. von Wettberg. 2019. Collections of mungbean (Vigna radiata) (L.) R. Wilczek] and urdbean (V. mungo (L.) Hepper] in Vavilov Institute (VIR): traits diversity and trends in the breeding process over the last 100 years. Genet. Resource. Crop Evol. 66: 767-781.

Concha, C. and P. Doerner. 2020: The impact of the rhizobia–legume symbiosis on host root system architecture. J. Exp. Bot. 71: 3902-3921.

Favero, V. O., R. H. de Carvalho, A. B. C. Leite, D. M. T. dos Santos, K. M. de Freitas, R. M. Boddey, G. R. Xavier, N. G. Rumjanek and S. Urquiaga. 2022. Bradyrhizobium strains from Brazilian tropical soils promote increases in nodulation, growth and nitrogen fixation in mung bean. Appl. Soil Ecol. 175: 104461.

Ganesan, K. and B. Xu. 2018. A critical review on phytochemical profile and health promoting effects of mung bean (Vigna radiata). Food Sci. Hum. Wellness. 7: 11-33.

Govt. of Pakistan, 2018. Economic survey of Pakistan 2017-18. Ministry of Food, Agric. and Livestock, Economic wing, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Govt. of Pakistan, 2022. Economic survey of Pakistan 2021-22. Ministry of Food, Agric. and Livestock, Economic wing, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Hakim, S., A. Imran and M. S. Mirza. 2021. Phylogenetic diversity analysis reveals Bradyrhizobium yuanmingense and Ensifer aridi as major symbionts of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.) in Pakistan. Brazilian J. Microbiol. 52: 311-324.

Hou, D., L. Yousaf, Y. Xue, J. Hu, J. Wu, X. Hu, N. Feng and Q. Shen, 2019: Mung bean (Vigna radiata L.): Bioactive polyphenols, polysaccharides, peptides, and health benefits. Nutrients. 11: 1238.

Hussain, F., Malik, A.U., Haji, M.A.  and A.L. Malghani. 2011. Growth and yield response of two cultivars of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) to different potassium levels. J. Anim. Plant Sci. 21(3): 622-625.

Hussain, J. T. Khaliq, M.H.u. Rahman, A. Ullah, I. Ahmed, A.K. Srivastava, T. Gaiser and A. Ahmad. 2021. Effect of temperature on sowing dates of wheat under arid and semi-arid climatic regions and impact quantification of climate change through mechanistic modeling with evidence from field. Atmosphere. 12: 927.

Hussain, J., T. Khaliq, A. Ahmad, A. Senthold, and G. Hoogenboom. 2018. Wheat responses to climate change and its adaptations: A focus on arid and semi-arid environment. Int. J. Environ. Res. 12: 117–126.

Hussain, J., T. Khaliq, S. Asseng, U. Saeed, A. Ahmad, B. Ahmad, I. Ahmad, M. Fahad, M. Awais, A. Ullah, and G. Hoogenboom. 2020. Climate change impacts and adaptations for wheat employing multiple climate and crop models in Pakistan. Clim. Change. 163(1): 253-266.

Iqbal, J., G. Shabbir, K. N. Shah, H. Fayyaz ul and A. Qayyum. 2021. Deciphering of genotype × environment interaction to identify stable heat-tolerant mung bean genotypes by GGE Biplot Analysis. J. Soil Sci. Plant Nutrit. 21: 2551-2561.

Islam, M. R., B. C. Sarker, M. A. Alam, T. Javed, M. J. Alam, M. S. U. Zaman, M. G. Azam, R. Shabbir, A. Raza, M. Habib-ur-Rahman, E. S. Dessoky and M. S. Islam, 2021: Yield stability and genotype environment interaction of water deficit stress tolerant mung bean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczak) genotypes of Bangladesh. Agronomy. 11: 2136.

Jackson, L. S. 2001. Maize yield as affected by organic inputs and urea in the West African moist Savanna. Agron. J. 93 (6): 1191-1124.

Khan, M.A., M. Aslam, T. Sultan and I.A. Mahmood. 2002. Response of phosphorous application on m-growth and yield of inoculated and uninoculated mungbean. Int. J. Agri. Biol., 4: 523-524.

Lu, Y., X. Chang and X. Guo. 2019. Dynamic changes of ascorbic acid, phenolics biosynthesis and antioxidant activities in mung beans (vigna radiata) until maturation. Plants. 8: 75.

Ma, Y., L. Tong, S. Wang, T. Liu, L. Wang, L. Liu, X. Zhou, S. Zhou and C. Blecker. 2022. Effect of heat and relative humidity treatment on γ-aminobutyric acid accumulation, other micronutrients contents, antioxidant activities and physicochemical properties of mung bean (Vigna radiata L.). Int. J. Food Sci. Technol. 57: 590-600.

Malghani A.L., A.U. Malik, A. Sattar, F. Hussain, G. Abbas and J. Hussain. 2012. Response of growth and yield of wheat to NPK fertilizer. Sci. Int. 24(2):185-189.

Mandal, S., M. Mandal and A. Das. 2009. Stimulation of indole acetic acid production in a Rhizobium isolate of Vigna mungo by root nodule phenolic acids. Arch. Microbiol. 191: 389- 393

Matemu, A., S. Nakamura and S. Katayama. 2021. Health benefits of antioxidative peptides derived from legume proteins with a high amino acid score. Antioxidants. 10: 316.

Mishra, G. P., H. K. Dikshit, K. Tripathi, M. S. Aski, A. Pratap, U. Dasgupta, R. M. Nair and S. Gupta. 2022. Mungbean Breeding. In: D. K. Yadava, H. K. Dikshit, G. P. Mishra and S. Tripathi eds. Fundamentals of Field Crop Breeding. pp. 1097-1149. Springer Nature Singapore, Singapore.

Mott, J., O. Abaye, M. Reiter and R. Maguire. 2022. Evaluating Effects of Bradyrhizobium and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi inoculation on yield components of mung bean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) and nitrogen fixation. Agronomy. 12: 2358.

N’Danikou, S., A. J. Shango and J. P. Sigalla. 2022. Variation of seed traits and initial quality among selected cowpea, mungbean, and soybean accessions. Seeds. 1: 303-314.

Oad, F.C., A.N. Shah, G.H. Jamro and S.H. Ghaloo. 2003. Phosphorus and Potassium Requirements of Mungbean (Vigna radiata). J. Appl. Sci. 3: 428-431.

Potter, N.N. and J.H. Hotchkiss, (1997). Food Science. CBS Publishers, New Delhi, India. pp 403.

Rehman, S. u., Z. Aslam, B. S. Aljuaid, R. N. Abbas, S. Bashir, M. H. Almas, T. H. Awan, K. Belliturk, W. a. A. Al-Taisan, S. F. Mahmoud and S. Bashir. 2022. Reduction in the allelopathic potential of Conocarpus erectus L. through vermicomposting. Sustainability. 14: 12840.

Shahi, D.K. 2002. Effect of fertilization and seed bacterization on yield and quality of mungbean. J. Res. Birsa. 14: 21-24

Supasatyankul, B., M. Saisriyoot, U. Klinkesorn, K. Rattanaporn and S. Sae-Tan. 2022: Extraction of phenolic and flavonoid compounds from mung bean (vigna radiata l.) seed coat by pressurized liquid extraction. Molecules. 27: 2085.

Tisdale, S. L., W. L. Nelson and J. D. Beaton. 1990. Soil fertility and fertilizer. Elements required in plant nutrition. 4th Ed. Maxwell McMillan Publishing, Singapore, p. 52-92.

Ullah, A., T. M. Shah and M. Farooq. 2020. Pulses Production in Pakistan: Status, Constraints and Opportunities. Int. J. Plant Prod. 14: 549-569.

Yin, Z., W. Guo, H. Xiao, J. Liang, X. Hao, N. Dong, T. Leng, Y. Wang, Q. Wang and F. Yin. 2018. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium fertilization to achieve expected yield and improve yield components of mung bean. PloS One 13: e0206285.

Tilman, D., C. Balzer, J. Hill and B. L. Befort. 2011. Global food demand and the sustainable intensification of agriculture. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 108: 20260-20264.

Cassman, K. G. and P. Grassini, 2020. A global perspective on sustainable intensification research. Nat. Sustain. 3: 262-268.

Mueller, N. D., J. S. Gerber, M. Johnston, D. K. Ray, N. Ramankutty and J. A. Foley. 2012. Closing yield gaps through nutrient and water management. Nature. 490: 254-257.

Koritschoner, J. J., J. I. Whitworth Hulse, A. Cuchietti and E. M. Arrieta. 2023. Spatial patterns of nutrients balance of major crops in Argentina. Sci. Tot. Environ. 858: 159863.


Subscribe to Get JEAS Updates

We’d love to keep you updated with our latest articles and news😎

We don’t spam! Read our [link]privacy policy[/link] for more info.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *