Evaluation of Farmers’ Willingness to Pay for Water under Shortages: A case study of Harran Plain, Turkey

Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS). Aydogdu et al., 2016. Volume 7: 23-28

Open Access – Research Article

Evaluation of Farmers’ Willingness to Pay for Water under Shortages: A case study of Harran Plain, Turkey
Mustafa H. Aydogdu 1,*, Karli Bahri 2, Yenigün Kasim 3, Aydogdu Murat 4
1 Department of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Faculty, Harran University, Şanlıurfa, Turkey
2 Department of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Faculty, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey
3 Department of Civil Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Harran University, Şanlıurfa, Turkey
4 GAP Agricultural Research Institute, Şanlıurfa, Turkey

Abstract: The aim of this research is to evaluate farmers’ willingness to pay (WTP) for irrigation water under shortages in the Harran Plain, the biggest area of GAP Project, Turkey and explore the potential factors that contribute to it. The data come from a sample of 21,094 farmers in the Harran Plain, 471 of them were chosen via simple random sampling method and interviewed face to face. The contingent valuation, probit and maximum likelihood methods were used for analysis. The results indicated that the average WTP is more than 85.19%, means that 2.23 fold of current price at surveyed time in case of shortages. Explanatory factors, such as secondary school, high school and university graduates from education levels, farmers residing in Harran, modern irrigation systems users, age and household numbers are increasing and pumping irrigation users and proposed increased water prices are decreasing WTP. This research is one of the first studies on this issue in GAP Region-Turkey. The results are important for decision makers and contain useful information about value of water in case of water shortages by farmers’ side..

Keywords: Drought, GAP-Harran Plain, Irrigation water, Willingness to pay 

*Corresponding author: Mustafa H. Aydogdu: mhaydogdu@harran.edu.tr

Cite this article as  Aydogdu, M.H., K. Bahri, Y. Kasim and A. Murat. 2016. Evaluation of farmers’ willingness to pay for water under shortages: A case study of Harran Plain, Turkey. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 7:23-28. [Abstract] [View FullText] [Citations].

Title: Evaluation of Farmers’ Willingness to Pay for Water under Shortages: a case study of Harran Plain, Turkey

Authors: Mustafa H. Aydogdu, Karli Bahri, Yenigün Kasim, Aydogdu Murat

Pages: 23-28

Copyright © Aydogdu et al., 2016. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original author and source are appropriately cited and credited.


Abari, A.K, M Hosseini, M.N. Hojjati, D. Bayat. 2011. Salt effects on seed germination and seedling emergence of Acacia species.. Afr. J. Plant Sci. 5(1):52-56.

Anonymous. 2015. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Probitmodel (Accessed November 2015).

Aydogdu, M., M.H. Aydogdu and M.A. Cullu 2014a. The impact determination on cotton yields of soils which have different salt levels and its relation with satellite data. Turkish Studies. 9(2):231-250.

Aydogdu, M., M.H. Aydogdu and M.A. Cullu. 2014b. The determination of the cotton productivity and losses under the effect of salinity by using GIS and RS. J. Acad. Soc. Sci. Stud. 24:617-630.

Aydogdu, M.H. 2016. Evaluation of willingness to pay for irrigation water: Harran Plain Sampling in Gap Region-Turkey. Appl. Ecol. Environ. Res. 14(1):349-365.

Aydogdu, M.H., B. Karli, and M. Aydogdu. 2015b. Evaluation of attitudes of stakeholders for irrigation water management: A case study of Harran Plain, Turkey. J. Environ. Agric. Sci. 4:42-47.

Aydogdu, M.H., K. Yenigun and M. Aydogdu. 2015a. Factors affecting farmers’ satisfaction from water user associations in the Harran Plain-GAP Region, Turkey. J. Agr. Sci. Tech. 17(Supplementary):1669-1684.

Cullu, M. A., S. Aydemir, M. Qadir, A. Almaca, A.R. Öztürkmen, A. Bilgic and N. Ağca. 2010. Implication of groundwater fluctuation on the seasonal dynamic in the Harran Plain, South-Eastern Turkey. Irrig. Drain. 59(4):465-476.

DMİ. 2011. http://www.dmi.gov.tr/veridegerlendirme/il-ve-ilceleristatistik.aspxm=Sanlıurfa, (Accessed November 2011).

DSI. 2013. Agriculture and irrigation. DSİ Genel Müdürlüğü, Ankara.

FAO. 2007. Coping with water scarcity. Challenge of the twenty-first century. UN-Water.

Farmer, A., S. Bassi and M. Fergusson. 2008. Water Scarcity and Droughts, EU Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy, IP/A/ENVI/ST/2007-17, PE 401.002.

GAP. 2012. GAP Status Report, Sanliurfa, p.6-54.

GAP. 2015. GAP and Agriculture, Crop Production Data. GAP Status Report. Sanliurfa.

Greene, W.H. 2003. Econometric Analysis. Prentice Hall, p.1050. New Jersey.

Gujarati, D.G. 1995. Basic Econometrics. Mc Graw-Hill Int Edit., p.705. NY.

Gujarati, D.G. 2006. Basic Econometrics. Literatür Publication, Istanbul.

Kurnaz, L. 2014. Drought in Turkey. Istanbul Policy Center, Sabancı University, p.4-8.

Maddala, G.S. 1983. Limited Dependent and Qualitative Variables in Econometrics. Cambridge, London. p.356.

Ocal, O. F., R. Tipirdamaz and H. Duman. 2014. Ecophysiology of the Chenopodiaceae Members around Tuz Lake (Turkey). Ekoloji. 23(93):8-17.

Türkeş, M. 1999. Vulnerability of Turkey to desertification with respect to precipitation and aridity conditions. Turkish J. Eng. Env. Sci. 23:363-380.

UNDP. 2006. Human Development Report. http://www.un.org/waterforlifedecade/scarcity.shtml (Accessed November 2015).

UNESCO-WWAP. 2003. Water for People, Water for Life. The UN World Water Development Report, http://www.unesco.org/water/wwap/wwdr/ex_summary/ex_summary

Yamane, T. 2006. Basic Sampling Methods. Literatur Publication, Istanbul.

Yapar, G. and M. Ağraz. 2012. Drought option contract price for Harran Region. SÜ İİBF Sos Ekon Araş Dergisi. 119-140.

Yenigun, K. and M.H. Aydogdu. 2010. Evaluation of irrigation and drainage systems of GAP, the Turkey’s largest integrated water resource development project. Sci. Res. Essays. 5(21):3237-3253.

Join Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS)

Interested to join the JEAS Team

Join JEAS as a member Editorial Board see Editors’ Responsibilities

Join JEAS as a member Review Panel  Reviewers’ Responsibilities

(send your CV through email at editor.jeas@outlook.com)

JEAS Indexing Journal of Environmental EAS is indexed by reputed indexing services.

Suggest Indexing service/s through email (editor.jeas@outlook.com)

Call for Articles
Submit Your research for publication in the “Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS)” through email: editor.jeas@outlook.com

JEAS Recently Published and Highly Cited Articles
Citation record of JEAS: JEAS Google Scholar page
Follow  JEAS Facebook

Subscribe to Get JEAS Updates

We’d love to keep you updated with our latest articles and news 😎

We don’t spam! Read our [link]privacy policy[/link] for more info.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *