Phytoremediation of Chromium-Contaminated Soil by an Ornamental Plant, Vinca (Vinca rosea L.)

Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS). Ehsan et al., 2016. Volume 7: 29-34

Open Access – Research Article

Phytoremediation of Chromium-Contaminated Soil by an Ornamental Plant, Vinca(Vinca rosea L.)
Nusrat Ehsan 1’*, Rab Nawaz 1, Sajjad Ahmad 2, Muhammad Musaa Khan 3,
Junaid Hayat 1, Maimuna Qureshi 1
1 Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (IMBB), The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan

2 Department of Environmental Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Vehari, Pakistan 
3 Department of Environmental Sciences, International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan


Abstract: Remediation of chromium (Cr) from contaminated soil is an environmental efficient, cost effective modern applicable technique. Phytoremediation potential of an ornamental plant Catharanthus roseus (Vinca rosea) was assessed through pot experimentation for chromium contaminated soil. Plants were grown in pots having soils with different levels of chromium contamination i.e. T1 (10 ppm), T2 (20 ppm), T3 (30 ppm), T4 (40 ppm), T5 (50 ppm), and T6 (60 ppm). Plants were also grown in pots with uncontaminated soil as control treatment (T0). After pot experimentation of six weeks, plants were harvestedand plant samples were prepared for the measurement of physical parameters (plant height, fresh and dry weight) and analysis of chemicalproperties. Soil was collected from the pots to prepare representative soil samples for chemical analysis. Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS) was used to measure concentration of Chromium in both plant and soil samples. The results indicated that plantheight, fresh and dry weight increased at low concentration, but decreased with high contaminationlevels of chromium. Translocation factors were found to be lower than 1 for low level of contamination but found to be higher than 1 for higher level of contamination. Concentration of Chromium in plant increased gradually from T1 to T3 and became almost same for higher contamination levels (T4-T6).

Keywords: Phytoremediation, Bioaccumulation factor, Translocation factor, Soil contamination

*Corresponding author: Nusrat Ehsan: nusrat-ehsan@hotmail.com


Cite this article as Ehsan, N., R. Nawaz, S. Ahmad, M.M. Khan, J. Hayat and M. Qureshi. 2016. Phytoremediation of chromium contaminated soil by an ornamental plant vinca (Vinca rosea L.). Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 7: 29-34.  [Abstract] [View FullText] [Citations].

Title: Phytoremediation of Chromium-Contaminated Soil by an Ornamental Plant, Vinca (Vinca rosea L.)

Authors: Nusrat Ehsan, Rab Nawaz, Sajjad Ahmad, Muhammad Musaa Khan and Junaid Hayat

Pages: 29-34


Copyright © Ehsan et al., 2016. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original author and source are appropriately cited and credited.


References

Ahmadpour P., F. Ahmadpour, T.M.M. Mahmud, A. Abdu, M. Soleimani. 2012. Phytoremediation of Heavy Metals: A Green Technology. African Journal of Biotechnology.11(76). p. 14036-14043.

Alkorta I & Garbisu C (2001) Phytoremediation of organic contaminants. Bioresource Technol. 79 (3). p. 273–276.

Butt M.S., K. Sharif, B. E. Bajwa, A. Aziz. 2012. Emerald Article: Hazardous effects of sewage water on the environment: Focus on heavy metals and chemical composition of soil and vegetables. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal.  16 (4). p. 338 – 346.

Chehregani A, F. Azimishad and H.H. Alizade. 2005. Study on Antibacterial Effect of Some Allium Species from Hamedan-Iran. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 9: 873–876

Cui, S., Q.X. Zhou, S.H. Wei, W. Zhang, L. Cao and L.P. Ren. 2007. Effects of exogenous chelators on phytoavailability and toxicity of Pb in Zinnia elegans Jacq. J. Hazard. Mater. 146:341-346

Ehsan N., Nawaz R., Ahmad S., Arshad M., Umair M., and Sarmad M. 2016. Remediation of Heavy Metal-Contaminated Soil by Ornamental Plant Zinnia (Zinnia elegance L.). Asian J. Chem. 28(6). p. 1338-1342.

Ehsan N., Rab Nawaz, Sajjad Ahmad, Muhammad Arshad, Muhammad Umar Hayyat, Rashid Mahmood. 2016. Use of ornamental plant “Vinca” (Vinca rosea L.) forremediation of lead-contaminated soil. J. Biodiversity Environ. Sci. 8(3): 46-54.

Garbisu C, Herna´ ndez-Allica J, Barrutia O, Alkorta I & Becerril JM (2002) Phytoremediation: A technology using green plants to remove contaminants from polluted areas. Rev. Environ. Health 17: 75–90.

Hendershot, W.H., H. Lalande and M. Duquahe. 1993. Soil reaction and exchangeable acidity In Soil sampling and methods of analysis. Carter Mr. (ed). Canadian Society of soil science. Lewis publishing Co. London. p. 141 – 145.

Hillel, D.1998. Environmental Soil Physics. Fundamentals, Applications, and Environmental Considerations. , 1st Edition.

Hough, R.L., N. Breward, S.D. Young, N.M.J. Crout, A.M. Tye, A.M. Moirand and I. Thornton. 2004. Assessing potential risk of heavy metal exposure from consumption of home-produced vegetables by urban populations. Environ. Health Prospect. 112: 215–221.

Culley, J.L.B. 1993. Density and Compressibility, In: M. R. Carter, Ed., Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis, Lewis Publication, Boca Raton. p. 529-540.

Jamil, S., P.C. Abhilash, N. Singh, P.N. Sharma. 2009. Jatropha curcas: A potential crop for phytoremediation of coal fly ash. J. Hazard. Mater. 172: 269–275.

McLean, E.O., 1982. Soil pH and Lime Requirement, Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2, Chemical and Microbiological Properties, 2nd edition, pp: 199–224. Agronomy Monograph No. 9, Madison, WI

Meagher RB (2000) Phytoremediation of toxic elemental and organic pollutants. Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 3: 153–162.

 Morais S., F.G. Costa and M. L.  Pereira. 2008. Heavy metals: Implications associated to fish consumption. Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 26, 263-271

Mushtakova V.M., Fomina V.A., Rogovin V.V. 2005. Toxic effect of heavy metals on human blood neutrophils. BiolBulletin; 32(3):276–8.

Najam, S., R. Nawaz, N. Ehsan, M.M. Khan and M.H. Nawaz. 2015. Heavy metals contamination of soils and vegetables irrigation with municipal wastewater: A case study of Faisalabad, Pakistan. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 4:6-10.

NazirA., F. Bareen. 2008. Tannery waste: a potential environmental risk, in Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Role of Chemistry for Environmental Preservation, pp. 8– 43, Lahore, Pakistan

Nedelkoska T.V., Doran P.M. 2000. Hyperaccumulation of cadmium by hairy roots of Thlaspi caerulescens.Biotechnology and Bioengineering 67(5): p. 607– 615

Nelson and Sommers. 1982. Carbonate and gypsum. Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. 2nd edition. Agron. p.181-197

Pandey, K. Gupta and A. K. Mukherjee. 2007. Impact of cadmium and lead on Catharanthus roseus – A phytoremediation study S. Journal of Environmental Biology. 28(3): 655-662.

Rafati, M., Khorasani, N., Moattar, F., Shirvany, A., Moraghebi, F. and Hosseinzadeh, S. 2011. Phytoremediation Potential of Populus Alba and Morus alba for Cadmium, Chromuim and Nickel Absorption from Polluted Soil. Int. J. Environ. Res., 5(4):961-970. ISSN: 1735-6865

Rhoades, J. D., N. A. Manteghi, P.J. Shouse, and W.J. Alves. 1989. Soil electrical conductivity and soil salinity: New formulations and calibrations. Soil Science Society of America. 53:433-439

Sekara, A., Poniedzialeek, M., Ciura, J., Jedrszczyk, E. 2005.  Cadmium and lead accumulation and distribution in the organs of nine crops: implications for phytoremediation. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies14. p. 509–516

Sharma, D.C. and S.C. Mehrotra. 1993. Chromium toxicity effects on wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. HD 2204). Indian Journal of Environmental Health, 35: 330-342.

Sheldrick, B.H. and C. Wang. 1993. Particle size distribution in Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis, M.R. Carter (edi.), Canadian Society of Soil Science, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. p. 499-511.

Shivhara L. and S. Sharma 2012.  Effect of Toxic Heavy Metal Contaminated Soil on an Ornamental Plant Georgina Wild (Dahlia). International Journal of Current Research and Review Periodical Radiance Research Academy, Nagpur, M.S., India. IJCRR2012; 4(19): 25-30

  1. Subhashini, and A. V. V. S. Swamy. 2013. Phytoremediation of Pb and Ni Contaminated Soils Using Catharanthus roseus (L.). Universal Journal of Environmental Research and Technology. 3(4) p.465-472.

Waseem, A. J. Arshad, F. Iqbal, A. Sajjad, Z. Mehmood and G. Murtaza. 2014. Pollution status of Pakistan: A retrospective review on heavy metal contamination of water, soil and vegetables. Biomed Res. Int. 813206: 1-29.

Wu G., Kang H., Zhang X., Shao X., Chu L., Ruan C. 2010. A critical review on the bio-removal of hazardous heavy metals from contaminated soils: issues, progress, eco-environmental concerns and opportunities. Journal of Hazardous Material. 174. p. 1–8.

Yoon, J., X. Cao, Q. Zhou Q., L.Q. Ma 2006. Accumulation of Pb, Cu, and Zn in native plants growing on a contaminated Florida site. Science of the Total Environment. 368: 456–464.

Zhao H., B. Xia, C. Fan, P. Zhao, S. Shen. 2012. Human health risk from soil heavy metal contamination under different land uses near Dabaoshan Mine, Southern China. Science of the Total Environment. 417–418 (15):  45–54.


Join Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS)

Interested to join the JEAS Team

Join JEAS as a member Editorial Board see Editors’ Responsibilities

Join JEAS as a member Review Panel  Reviewers’ Responsibilities

(send your CV through email at editor.jeas@outlook.com)


JEAS Indexing Journal of Environmental EAS is indexed by reputed indexing services.

Suggest Indexing service/s through email (editor.jeas@outlook.com)


Call for Articles
Submit Your research for publication in the “Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS)” through email: editor.jeas@outlook.com


JEAS Recently Published and Highly Cited Articles
Citation record of JEAS: JEAS Google Scholar page
Follow  JEAS Facebook

Subscribe to Get JEAS Updates

We’d love to keep you updated with our latest articles and news 😎

We don’t spam! Read our [link]privacy policy[/link] for more info.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *