Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS). Arshad et al., 2020. Volume 22(1): 49-56
Open Access – Research Article
Evaluation of Entomopathogenic Nematodes and Spinosad against Melon Fruit Fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae)
Aqsa Arshad 1, Muhammad Ishaque Mastoi 3, Asim Munawar 1,2,*, Samar Sohail 4,
Chengjuan Liang 5, Fazlullah 6
1 Department of Entomology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
2 Institute of Insect Sciences, College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, China
3 Plant Sciences Division, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council Islamabad, Pakistan
4 Institute of Horticulture, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
5 Institute of Applied Ecology, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, China
6 Biological Control Container Laboratory, National Agricultural Research Center, Islamabad, Pakistan
Abstract: Fruit flies are among the most important group of pests causing economical losses by damaging fruits worldwide. They have countless economic significance in Pakistan due to their substantial losses. In current research entomopathogenic nematode (EPNs) and bacterial based spinosad was checked against melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae under laboratory conditions. Different concentrations of nematodes and spinosad sole and in combination was applied on B. cucurbitae. Bacterial based spinosad was applied by dip method whereas nematodes were applied on the soil surface. Mortality data was checked against larvae, pupae and adults. Single and combine effect of EPNs and spinosad was also checked on fruit fly developmental time. Results showed that spinosad bacterial based concentrations cause maximum mortality against melon fruit fly as compared to nematode. While combine effect of spinosad and nematode mortality was increased gradually with increasing concentrations as compared to alone treatment. Our results conclude that nematode and bacterial based spinosad have a sound base for the effective management of fruit flies species. These results could be helpful for application of nematode and spinosad in Insect Pest Managements Programs.
Keywords: Mortality, nematodes, spinosad, larvae, pupae, adult, development.
*Corresponding author: Asim Munawar: email@example.com
Cite this article as: Arshad, A., M.I. Mastoi, A. Munawar, S. Sohail and Fazlullah. 2020. Evaluation of entomopathogenic nematodes and spinosad against melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae). Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences. 22(1):49-56.
Copyright © Arshad et al., 2020. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original author and source are appropriately cited and credited.