Factors Affecting Yield Gap in Different Wheat Varieties in Southern Punjab

Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Sciences (JEAS). Dogar et al., 2016. Volume 7: 42-47

Open Access – Short Review

Factors Affecting Yield Gap in Different Wheat Varieties in Southern Punjab
 Munawar Hussain Dogar 1,*, Shoaib Akhtar 2, Maqsood Hussain 1,*
¹ Institute of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
2 College of Economics and Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, P.R. China


Abstract: Despite the significant attention given to cereal production in the country, the productivity of wheat crop is still substantially lower both on regional and global level. What makes the situation even worse is that there exist wide productivity gaps within the country as well. Within this context, the present study examines the wheat yield gap in the two different districts of Punjab for two major wheat varieties and the constraints that lead to such yield gaps. A purposive sampling technique was applied, total sample size was 120. The yields gaps were calculated for all these farmer groups and it was found that high yield farmer group had 17.84% yield gap when compared with medium and low yield farmers group. Benefit cost ratio with opportunity cost of land and family labor was 1.24, 1.36 and 1.55Rs. Against their Rs. one cost for low, medium and high yield groups. The constraints analysis showed that adulterated pesticides, lack of extension services, lack of credit, shortage of canal and tube well water, high input and oil prices were the main constraints being faced by the wheat farmers. By effectively addressing the problems identified in the study, government should take part in the improvement of input-output price relationship. And develop new and high yielding wheat varieties to reduce yield gap.

Keywords: Biodiversity, Ecological tools, Quantitative ecology, Softwares, Ecosystem

*Corresponding author: Sehrish Sadia: sehrish@mail.bnu.edu.cn


Cite this article as Sadia, S., J.T. Zhang, A.A. Sheayi, A. Tariq and K. Cao. 2016. Tools and techniques in plant ecology: A review. Journal of Environmental & Agricultural Sciences. 7: 35-41.[Abstract] [View FullText] [Citations].

Title: Factors affecting yield gap in different wheat varieties in Southern Punjab

Authors: Munawar Hussain Dogar, Shoaib Akhtar and Maqsood Hussain

Pages: 42-47


Copyright © Sadia et al., 2016. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original author and source are appropriately cited and credited.


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